1961 Relic Telecaster Custom: Wiring

I unscrewed my telecaster the other day to check out the wiring and to see which capacitors it was using.

The tone knob is using a .05uF capacitor, labeled iC 5032.

The volume knob is using a 680pF treble bleed capacitor, labeled 681K 1KU.

I didn’t know it had a treble bleed in it, but I’m glad it does. It essentially adds more treble to the signal as the volume is turned down. Seems like it shouldn’t be called “bleeding” but whatever. More info here about treble bleed capacitors.

Greg, are you going to try any .05uF capacitors in your tester?

Tone: Comparing DC Resistance in Guitar Pickups

From what I can gather, generally speaking, the higher the DC resistance on your pickup, the more compressed and warmer it will be. The lower the DC resistance, the more open, and brighter it will be.

This defines what your tone is like when the tone control is set to 10. As you start to lower the tone control away from 10, you roll off the high ends from the “live” pickup sound. The amount of high ends you roll off depend on your capacitor.

I did some research to compare the various DC resistance of typical pickup styles for high-end brands, and you can explore that in this Google spreadsheet.

Some findings:

  • Sean’s Jazzmaster with the “Pure Vintage ’65” pickups has the lowest DC resistance of the 4 other Jazzmaster pickups I compared, although Fralin will make one that is lower if you special order it. This means those pickups are going to be naturally a lot brighter than others.
  • My Custom Shop Tele has a crazy range of DC resistance spanning just about the max levels for both high and low.
  • The “Pure Vintage ’65” pickups in the reissue Jazzmaster and Jaguar have identical DC resistance.
  • The humbuckers made by Lollar and the Creamery that emulate the Gibson P.A.F.’s are pretty much identical, with the Lollar’s being a touch warmer.
  • Jazz Bass pickups have DC resistance in the range of typical humbucker pickups.
  • Precision Bass pickups have the highest DC resistance, and the most compressed, warmest, natural tone.
  • Inductance (Henries) seems to affect the tone, too. Will have to investigate that further.

Check out all the details:

Screen Shot 2015-05-08 at 2.52.39 PM

Antique Electronic Supply

Screen Shot 2015-05-07 at 12.08.03 PMI recently came across Antique Electronic Supply through a half-hearted Google search for capacitor information, and I’m somewhat overwhelmed with the awesomeness.

They seem to be the StewMac of electronics, with a strong overlap with music-related products. They actually sell several of the same things that StewMac does, but in addition to that, they have a Tech Corner that contains things like a page for understanding the nuances of Potentiometers and Tone Capacitors.

Here are a few excerpts:

On Potentiometers:

It’s useful to know the fundamental relationship between voltage, current and resistance known as Ohm’s Law when understanding how electric guitar circuits work. The guitar pickups provide the voltage and current source, while the potentiometers provide the resistance. From Ohm’s Law we can see how increasing resistance decreases the flow of current through a circuit, while decreasing the resistance increases the current flow. If two circuit paths are provided from a common voltage source, more current will flow through the path of least resistance.

Screen Shot 2015-05-07 at 10.13.29 AM

On Tone Control:

The tone pot’s resistance is the same for all signal frequencies; however, the capacitor has AC impedance which varies depending on both the signal frequency and the value of capacitance as shown in the equation below. High frequencies see less impedance from the same capacitor than low frequencies. The table below shows impedance calculations for three of the most common tone cap values at a low frequency (100 Hz) and a high frequency (5 kHz).

Screen Shot 2015-05-07 at 12.27.43 PM

 

And an interesting set of Potentiometer Taper Charts which makes me wonder what kind I bought. I’m assuming the linear taper is the one I would like the best, but I don’t really know.

Screen Shot 2015-05-07 at 12.32.58 PM

The M and N Taper (Blend Balance) seems like it could be really interesting if you were able to use it in conjunction with coil-splitting to bring in the volume of the second single coil in the humbucker.

Screen Shot 2015-05-07 at 12.34.59 PM

 

In addition to the helpful technical details, there are also cool products, like this set of build-it-yourself pedals, and guitar amps.

And if that weren’t enough, there’s a bunch of t-shirts with designs like this:

Greg, if you find you need more capacitors for your capacinator pedal, they seem to sell about 200 of them.

 

 

More Country Music Bullshit

I would probably be happy if most country music songs were under a minute long, but this new piece in Billboard: Solos Under Siege: Country Radio Combats ‘Bored’ Listeners By Cutting Guitar Parts talks about how radio stations and recording artists are cutting solos to make songs shorter — so they can play more of them on the air. It’s such a perfect example of the aspects of the music industry that I truly hate.

Two gems:

“The listeners’ attention spans are shorter and shorter, and if they start getting bored with whatever it is that we’re doing — whether it’s a musical riff, or something we’re saying , or too many commercials — it’s too easy for them to go somewhere else,” says consultant Joel Raab. “So it’s really about forward momentum on the radio station. Is that guitar part moving everything forward? If it is, great. If it’s not, then maybe it needs to be edited.”

and

“I think that 2:35 is the new 3:30,” says co-writer/co-producer Ross Copperman. “Under three minutes is country gold right now.”

BLECH. GDTFA

Survey: Pearl or Chrome?

HELP! I’m having a hard time deciding what to get for the VENUSBLASTER:

  • A) Pearloid pickups with chrome mounting rings, or
  • B) Chrome pickups with white mounting rings

I’m leaning towards the pearl pickups because of the whole venus-on-a-half-shell theme, but I wonder if it would be too Liberace. I don’t really mind being too Liberace though. I think Dino made a point that there would be too much texture going on between that and the quilted maple, which is a valid point. I think that’s what I mean by “Liberace” though.

I suppose I could merge either, but I don’t think I will. Eg. Pearl w/white and chrome w/chrome would be too much of either I think.

Also, RHYTHM / TREBLE ring on the toggle switch… yay or nay?

pearl-or-chrome2

WWLD?

liberace

 

philly-rings

2015 Luxe Paul

Greg and I are each building the dual-humbucker-guitar-of-our-dreams this summer, and this is a Photoshop rendering of mine:

Luxe_Paul

I’m calling it the Luxe Paul because it’s basically a combination of a Tele Deluxe and a Les Paul.

  • Les Paul elements: Mahogany body, HH configuration, Les Paul wiring and control placement, rosewood fretboard, pearloid neck inlays, scale, pickguard shape.
  • Tele Deluxe elements: Tele body shape, maple neck, Fender CBS headstock, 6-inline tuners, Bigsby
  • Custom Tele elements: Front and back binding.

I opted for a rosewood top instead of a maple one (like on the Les Paul) because I just thought this one looked better, and I thought the rosewood might add some nice tones.

It will have two Lollar Imperial pickups, wired for coil-tapping so they can be used in single coil mode. The flat tele body made it easy to use the Bigsby B5, but I needed to recess the bridge so that I didn’t end up with too much of a gap between the strings and the body.

I also got a 24 3/4″ conversion neck, to match the scale of the Les Paul. Custom label, too.

I’m happy with the way it looks, but there were many things I considered before landing on this design.

Whenever the body and neck show up (probably late June) I’ll have to do a little bit of work to get it read for the installation of the parts. The two biggest things I’m concerned about are the placement of the Bigsby, and drilling the holes for the knobs. The Bigsby is probably the most important thing, so I’ll likely be overly cautious about it. After that’s in place I’ll drill the knob holes to make sure there is enough room separating them from the B5 arm.

Here’s an example of the process for installing a Bigsby (though not the B5, but it’s essentially the same)

The wiring is also an area I’m anxious, but there are so many YouTube videos about how to do it that I don’t think there is any uncertainty about it. Here’s one from that guy who explained the capacitors:

When you think about it, the whole thing isn’t really that complex, and you can always just solder it again if you make a mistake. In the grand scheme of things, even if you had to redo the whole wiring it wouldn’t be that big of a deal, would it?

Maybe I’ll feel differently in early July.

Pedal Power

I’ve been playing around with pedals and I really like it. I only have a few right now, but I can totally see how this could be a dangerous habit. It might be due to my humbucker envy, but I’ve been playing with the tone on my telecaster and using it at what would probably be a setting of 2. I just like the warmer, darker qualities.

Here’s a sound clip of the tele with the pickups in the middle position, the tone at two, volume all the way up, and using the pedal configuration in the image below. The guitar is in DADGAD tuning.

 

IMG_0182

The pedals are the Electro Harmonix Small Stone phase shifter, the Xotic Effects BB preamp, and the Keeley Electronics compressor. I’m running this into Logic directly because it was too late to use an amp. Logic also has some reverb added.

Here’s a closer look at the details of each:

The preamp is cool because it has a gain setting which acts as an overdrive a low volumes. It also is an EQ, and lets me boost the bass a little more. To be honest, I don’t really know what I’m doing with the compressor, but I like the sounds that come out of it. I’m using the attack at a setting that it says is better for humbuckers, which I didn’t do on purpose. Not sure how that affects the single coil sound. The Small Stone is nice because it’s analog, and it has a darker sound than some of the others I explored, like the MXR phase 90. It has a “color” knob that makes it a little brighter, but I don’t like it as much.

Sean, you recently got a phaser pedal on tour, right? What is it?

More bits and bobs: Nickel-and-diming myself

The fact that this order came to nearly $150 is a tough nut to swallow. A lot of these are tools, though. Lutherie tools are expensive because the market for them is small, but stewmac is THE SHIT. That file is so cute. I’m not sure how I convinced myself to buy three drill bits at $5.25 a pop. I’ll probably be glad I did though when the time comes to use them.

stewmac-venus

 

Here’s the tuner installation jig next to one of my tuners. It might not look like it, but those holes on the jig line up with the two nubs on the tuner. I don’t know how I would drill those holes right without some sort of jig. I suppose I could have made something similar, but I’m glad I purchased this.

tuner-jig

 

***Dino edited this post below***

The comments wouldn’t let me embed a video, but this was helpful to me for providing a general overview on capacitors and what they do:

MSSC Prewired Dual Coil Split Harness

I ordered this prewired harness from Martin Six String Customs (no relation to Martin Guitars) because I was a little nervous about wiring the Luxe Paul myself, and the parts they use are high quality. I’ll still need to do some soldering to connect the pickups and input jack, but those things seemed like they were going to be easier.

After studying it a bit closer, I don’t think wiring it together would have been a problem, but I’m quite sure I wouldn’t have been able to make it look as nice as this.

Each harness contains:

(2) CTS 550K Premium Custom Audio Taper Potentiometers with 9% Tolerance for both volume positions. These are not your standard issue CTS pots.  These premium pots are spec’d at 550K to ensure that pots meter no lower than 500K.  These pots have a very responsive sweep and are metered for optimal placement in the harness.

(2) High quality US Spec 500K Push/Pull potentiometers w/ brass shafts (tone positions).

MSSC Vintage Series .015 / .022 Paper in Oil Capacitors made from NOS Mil-Spec PIO caps or optional Luxe Bumblebee .015 / .022 Reproduction PIO Capacitors.

Oxygen Free, Teflon Coated Hook-up Wire

Each harness is meticulously wired 50’s style and properly grounded with vintage correct 20AWG bus wire.

This harness allows you to split coils on both humbucker pickups.

 

You can read more about it on the MSSC web site. They make all sorts of prewired setups, not just in the Les Paul configuration.

Plus, how can you argue with Johnny Hilland?

Though that’s not the version I got. (It was a limited edition thing.)

Tone Caps: Does it REALLY Matter?

I just can’t see myself paying $60 for a tone capacitor. I will be making a capacitor comparison tool as soon as I get all the parts, but the most that I have spent so far is $11 for a Vitamin Q “Black Candy”. The rest of them were a few bucks each. I suppose if I had to replace one in a 50’s LP that I might consider one of these repros, but I mean…

http://www.allparts.com/EP-4056-000-Bumble-Bee-Capacitor_p_1359.html

bumble-bee

This is what happened.

In early April my Les Paul crush, which I’d had for several months, hadn’t gone away. It reached its peak with this guitar, which I actually made an offer on:

Screen Shot 2015-05-02 at 9.21.25 AM

Greg and I had an email thread going that was titled “guitarfetish”. We were talking about gear, swapping links and videos, and after showing him a link to that Les Paul, he said this:

The whole idea of customizing a guitar is what is exciting to me lately… The build-your-own possibilities are endless on the warmoth site. Have you ever checked out the warmoth.com/#build Custom Build section? I go in there all the time and look at the options on bodies and necks just for fun. It’s fun to browse the existing “showcase” items, which is what the orange tele body was, but I think it would be really fun to spend a little extra and get a custom body and neck, unless they already had the neck I wanted, which they sorta do.

C’mon, wouldn’t it be fun if we both embarked on a new kit building project? We could set a price limit of $1,500 and still create amazing guitars. ok maybe 2k…. don’t. Are you REALLY thinking about spending three THOUSAND five HUNDRED DOLLARS on a guitar? Just get the body and neck you want and then order pickups and everything else at stewmac or allparts or wherever. We could compare notes along the way in the design and putting together. The basic theme could be a dual humbucker guitar of our dreams.

I spent a little while on the Warmoth site and then sent back this:

I think you might be convincing me.

I’ve never played around with that before, but I like it. So far mine comes to around $1,400, without the bigsby, pots, wiring, or tuners.

I chose a tele mahogany body with a rosewood top. Still tweaking… Chose a classic tele old neck (like a strat, I think) in mahogany with a dark rosewood fretboard… I did’t really choose all of the specs carefully. Was more interested in the final price to just see how much it would be.

unnamed

Greg’s response convinced me:

Wow, interesting choices! I never thought of putting a rosewood top on a mahogany body. Sounds like a cool idea.

So you chose the solid construction, eh? Are you opposed to a chambered body? I thought you liked the carved-top design like the fano. Rosewood and mahogany could be pretty heavy as a solid body. Fender has made an all-rosewood tele body for a while. That’s what George played on top of that building. https://www.liveauctioneers.com/item/101977

Sheesh, look how much they’re asking for this one. C’mon. https://reverb.com/item/363943-fender-limited-edition-rosewood-telecaster?_aid=pla&pla=1&gclid=CIWbiPmGgMUCFQcdaQodqQgAVg

Yeah, it gets tricky if you want a bigsby because I don’t think they offer that option. The hardest part about mounting a bridge is finding the right placement. That’s what’s good about getting the bridge holes pre-drilled. You’d probably have to do your own mounting of the bigsby, but I’m sure you could figure it out, and there’s room for error. I think what you would probably want to do is get a body with the post holes drilled for a tune-o-matic bridge (TOM) and then mount the bigsby behind it. The holes I am referring to would be the “Gotoh 510” option at warmoth, described on this page: http://www.warmoth.com/Guitar/Bodies/Options/BridgeRoutingOptions.aspx

Typically the B5 model is used on telecasters or other flat-top guitars, which is the smaller one that just screws into the body, but the strings need to go over a TOM style bridge, like on this fano http://www.humbuckermusic.com/fano-tc6-guitar-round-up-orange-bigsby-b5.html

That doesn’t mean you couldn’t try to use the other style bigsbys if you wanted to, but if you stick with the flat-top idea, then I would probably recommend the B5. I think there are two options for each model – a cheaper import model and an american model. I don’t remember the differences. I think it’s different metal. The cheaper equivalent of the B5 is the B50 I think. http://www.bigsby.com/vibe/products/vibratos/bigsby-b50/

I saw this link on the bigsby site. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bN2MLRbIC5M
He’s using the standard tele bridge pickup plate replacement, so skip to the end. You basically just need to line up the bigsby with strings to find the right placement. There’s a million videos on youtube.

I’ve been going back and forth between a carved top tele and the PRS style body – the VIP. I’m leaning towards the VIP. Probably mahogany back and quilted maple top. Not sure about finish. Maybe cherry burst or fire burst or maybe just clear gloss. Did you notice that you can choose the actual wood to be used for the top? They have jpegs of the unique choice woods. It costs extra of course, but not much.

This is loosely what I’ve been contemplating:

Specifications

Model: VIP
Scale: 25-1/2 in.
Carved Top: Yes
Chambered: Yes
Orientation: Right handed
Wood: $440.00
Core: Mahogany
Front Laminate: Quilt Maple / Maple / Maple
Control Cavity: Rear Rout + $0.00
Pickup Rout: Humbucker (Neck) – None (Middle) – Humbucker (Brdg) + $0.00
Control Rout: + $0.00
Volume (PRS)
Tone (PRS)
Toggle (PRS)
Bridge Type: Hardtail $0.00
Bridge Rout: TOM/STP, Angled Pocket + $0.00
Jack Rout: 3/4″ (19mm) Side Jack Hole
Neck Pocket: Strat® Shape + $0.00
Mounting Holes: Standard 4 Bolt + $0.00
Contours: + $0.00
Contoured Heel
Tummy Cut
Binding Top: Ivoroid Binding + $0.00
Top Finish: Black Cherry Burst + $290.00
Back Finish: Clear Gloss + $0.00
Price: $730.00

For some reason the VIP builder doesn’t show the image.

Here’s a pre-made one with a red dye finish.
http://www.warmoth.com/Showcase/ShowcaseItem.aspx?i=VIPP221&Body=2#.VTJv-EbwOQk

I think they put a darkening dye to bring out the grain before coloring it, which is what I did on the univox. I’m pretty sure that’s what the “dye” option is in the finishes. It’s a pricey option, as is the burst but they seem to do a good job of it. Finishing can be fun, but it really requires a space for it, and can take a long time and ultimately be somewhat costly. $290 seems like a lot, but you’d probably have to pay at least $100 on lacquer alone if you did it yourself.

That was the start of probably 200+ emails on the building process.

It ended up with a comment while we were on the phone:

Maybe we should make a web site and track the whole process…

And here we are.